Version: 2.0.3

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The disk I/O can be customized in libtorrent. In previous versions, the customization was at the level of each torrent. Now, the customization point is at the session level. All torrents added to a session will use the same disk I/O subsystem, as determined by the disk_io_constructor (in session_params).

This allows the disk subsystem to also customize threading and disk job management.

To customize the disk subsystem, implement disk_interface and provide a factory function to the session constructor (via session_params).

Example use:

struct temp_storage
{
  explicit temp_storage(lt::file_storage const& fs) : m_files(fs) {}

  lt::span<char const> readv(lt::piece_index_t const piece, int const offset, lt::storage_error& ec) const
  {
    auto const i = m_file_data.find(piece);
    if (i == m_file_data.end())
    {
      ec.operation = lt::operation_t::file_read;
      ec.ec = boost::asio::error::eof;
      return {};
    }
    if (int(i->second.size()) <= offset)
    {
      ec.operation = lt::operation_t::file_read;
      ec.ec = boost::asio::error::eof;
      return {};
    }
    return { i->second.data() + offset, int(i->second.size()) - offset };
  }
  void writev(lt::span<char const> const b, lt::piece_index_t const piece, int const offset)
  {
    auto& data = m_file_data[piece];
    if (data.empty())
    {
      // allocate the whole piece, otherwise we'll invalidate the pointers
      // we have returned back to libtorrent
      int const size = piece_size(piece);
      data.resize(std::size_t(size));
    }
    TORRENT_ASSERT(offset + b.size() <= int(data.size()));
    std::memcpy(data.data() + offset, b.data(), std::size_t(b.size()));
  }
  lt::sha1_hash hash(lt::piece_index_t const piece
    , lt::span<lt::sha256_hash> const block_hashes, lt::storage_error& ec) const
  {
    auto const i = m_file_data.find(piece);
    if (i == m_file_data.end())
    {
      ec.operation = lt::operation_t::file_read;
      ec.ec = boost::asio::error::eof;
      return {};
    }
    if (!block_hashes.empty())
    {
      int const piece_size2 = m_files.piece_size2(piece);
      int const blocks_in_piece2 = m_files.blocks_in_piece2(piece);
      char const* buf = i->second.data();
      std::int64_t offset = 0;
      for (int k = 0; k < blocks_in_piece2; ++k)
      {
        lt::hasher256 h2;
        std::ptrdiff_t const len2 = std::min(lt::default_block_size, int(piece_size2 - offset));
        h2.update({ buf, len2 });
        buf += len2;
        offset += len2;
        block_hashes[k] = h2.final();
      }
    }
    return lt::hasher(i->second).final();
  }
  lt::sha256_hash hash2(lt::piece_index_t const piece, int const offset, lt::storage_error& ec)
  {
    auto const i = m_file_data.find(piece);
    if (i == m_file_data.end())
    {
      ec.operation = lt::operation_t::file_read;
      ec.ec = boost::asio::error::eof;
      return {};
    }

    int const piece_size = m_files.piece_size2(piece);

    std::ptrdiff_t const len = std::min(lt::default_block_size, piece_size - offset);

    lt::span<char const> b = {i->second.data() + offset, len};
    return lt::hasher256(b).final();
  }

private:
  int piece_size(lt::piece_index_t piece) const
  {
    int const num_pieces = static_cast<int>((m_files.total_size() + m_files.piece_length() - 1) / m_files.piece_length());
    return static_cast<int>(piece) < num_pieces - 1
      ? m_files.piece_length() : static_cast<int>(m_files.total_size() - (num_pieces - 1) * m_files.piece_length());
  }

  lt::file_storage const& m_files;
  std::map<lt::piece_index_t, std::vector<char>> m_file_data;
};

lt::storage_index_t pop(std::vector<lt::storage_index_t>& q)
{
  TORRENT_ASSERT(!q.empty());
  lt::storage_index_t const ret = q.back();
  q.pop_back();
  return ret;
}

struct temp_disk_io final : lt::disk_interface
  , lt::buffer_allocator_interface
{
  explicit temp_disk_io(lt::io_context& ioc): m_ioc(ioc) {}

  void settings_updated() override {}

  lt::storage_holder new_torrent(lt::storage_params const& params
    , std::shared_ptr<void> const&) override
  {
    lt::storage_index_t const idx = m_free_slots.empty()
      ? m_torrents.end_index()
      : pop(m_free_slots);
      auto storage = std::make_unique<temp_storage>(params.files);
    if (idx == m_torrents.end_index()) m_torrents.emplace_back(std::move(storage));
    else m_torrents[idx] = std::move(storage);
    return lt::storage_holder(idx, *this);
  }

  void remove_torrent(lt::storage_index_t const idx) override
  {
    m_torrents[idx].reset();
    m_free_slots.push_back(idx);
  }

  void abort(bool) override {}

  void async_read(lt::storage_index_t storage, lt::peer_request const& r
    , std::function<void(lt::disk_buffer_holder block, lt::storage_error const& se)> handler
    , lt::disk_job_flags_t) override
  {
    // this buffer is owned by the storage. It will remain valid for as
    // long as the torrent remains in the session. We don't need any lifetime
    // management of it.
    lt::storage_error error;
    lt::span<char const> b = m_torrents[storage]->readv(r.piece, r.start, error);

    post(m_ioc, [handler, error, b, this]
      { handler(lt::disk_buffer_holder(*this, const_cast<char*>(b.data()), int(b.size())), error); });
  }

  bool async_write(lt::storage_index_t storage, lt::peer_request const& r
    , char const* buf, std::shared_ptr<lt::disk_observer>
    , std::function<void(lt::storage_error const&)> handler
    , lt::disk_job_flags_t) override
  {
    lt::span<char const> const b = { buf, r.length };

    m_torrents[storage]->writev(b, r.piece, r.start);

    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(lt::storage_error()); });
    return false;
  }

  void async_hash(lt::storage_index_t storage, lt::piece_index_t const piece
    , lt::span<lt::sha256_hash> block_hashes, lt::disk_job_flags_t
    , std::function<void(lt::piece_index_t, lt::sha1_hash const&, lt::storage_error const&)> handler) override
  {
    lt::storage_error error;
    lt::sha1_hash const hash = m_torrents[storage]->hash(piece, block_hashes, error);
    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(piece, hash, error); });
  }

  void async_hash2(lt::storage_index_t storage, lt::piece_index_t const piece
    , int const offset, lt::disk_job_flags_t
    , std::function<void(lt::piece_index_t, lt::sha256_hash const&, lt::storage_error const&)> handler) override
  {
    lt::storage_error error;
    lt::sha256_hash const hash = m_torrents[storage]->hash2(piece, offset, error);
    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(piece, hash, error); });
  }

  void async_move_storage(lt::storage_index_t, std::string p, lt::move_flags_t
    , std::function<void(lt::status_t, std::string const&, lt::storage_error const&)> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, [=]{
      handler(lt::status_t::fatal_disk_error, p
        , lt::storage_error(lt::error_code(boost::system::errc::operation_not_supported, lt::system_category())));
    });
  }

  void async_release_files(lt::storage_index_t, std::function<void()>) override {}

  void async_delete_files(lt::storage_index_t, lt::remove_flags_t
    , std::function<void(lt::storage_error const&)> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(lt::storage_error()); });
  }

  void async_check_files(lt::storage_index_t
    , lt::add_torrent_params const*
    , lt::aux::vector<std::string, lt::file_index_t>
    , std::function<void(lt::status_t, lt::storage_error const&)> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(lt::status_t::no_error, lt::storage_error()); });
  }

  void async_rename_file(lt::storage_index_t
    , lt::file_index_t const idx
    , std::string const name
    , std::function<void(std::string const&, lt::file_index_t, lt::storage_error const&)> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(name, idx, lt::storage_error()); });
  }

  void async_stop_torrent(lt::storage_index_t, std::function<void()> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, handler);
  }

  void async_set_file_priority(lt::storage_index_t
    , lt::aux::vector<lt::download_priority_t, lt::file_index_t> prio
    , std::function<void(lt::storage_error const&
      , lt::aux::vector<lt::download_priority_t, lt::file_index_t>)> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, [=]{
      handler(lt::storage_error(lt::error_code(
        boost::system::errc::operation_not_supported, lt::system_category())), std::move(prio));
    });
  }

  void async_clear_piece(lt::storage_index_t, lt::piece_index_t index
    , std::function<void(lt::piece_index_t)> handler) override
  {
    post(m_ioc, [=]{ handler(index); });
  }

  // implements buffer_allocator_interface
  void free_disk_buffer(char*) override
  {
    // never free any buffer. We only return buffers owned by the storage
    // object
  }

  void update_stats_counters(lt::counters&) const override {}

  std::vector<lt::open_file_state> get_status(lt::storage_index_t) const override
  { return {}; }

  void submit_jobs() override {}

private:

  lt::aux::vector<std::shared_ptr<temp_storage>, lt::storage_index_t> m_torrents;

  // slots that are unused in the m_torrents vector
  std::vector<lt::storage_index_t> m_free_slots;

  // callbacks are posted on this
  lt::io_context& m_ioc;
};

std::unique_ptr<lt::disk_interface> temp_disk_constructor(
  lt::io_context& ioc, lt::settings_interface const&, lt::counters&)
{
  return std::make_unique<temp_disk_io>(ioc);
}
[report issue]

settings_interface

Declared in "libtorrent/settings_pack.hpp"

the common interface to settings_pack and the internal representation of settings.

struct settings_interface
{
   virtual void set_str (int name, std::string val) = 0;
   virtual void set_bool (int name, bool val) = 0;
   virtual void set_int (int name, int val) = 0;
   virtual bool has_val (int name) const = 0;
   virtual int get_int (int name) const = 0;
   virtual bool get_bool (int name) const = 0;
   virtual std::string const& get_str (int name) const = 0;
};
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open_file_state

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_interface.hpp"

this contains information about a file that's currently open by the libtorrent disk I/O subsystem. It's associated with a single torrent.

struct open_file_state
{
   file_index_t file_index;
   file_open_mode_t open_mode;
   time_point last_use;
};
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file_index
the index of the file this entry refers to into the file_storage file list of this torrent. This starts indexing at 0.
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open_mode

open_mode is a bitmask of the file flags this file is currently opened with. For possible flags, see file_open_mode_t.

Note that the read/write mode is not a bitmask. The two least significant bits are used to represent the read/write mode. Those bits can be masked out using the rw_mask constant.

[report issue]
last_use
a (high precision) timestamp of when the file was last used.
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disk_interface

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_interface.hpp"

The disk_interface is the customization point for disk I/O in libtorrent. implement this interface and provide a factory function to the session constructor use custom disk I/O. All functions on the disk subsystem (implementing disk_interface) are called from within libtorrent's network thread. For disk I/O to be performed in a separate thread, the disk subsystem has to manage that itself.

Although the functions are called async_*, they do not technically have to be asynchronous, but they support being asynchronous, by expecting the result passed back into a callback. The callbacks must be posted back onto the network thread via the io_context object passed into the constructor. The callbacks will be run in the network thread.

struct disk_interface
{
   virtual storage_holder new_torrent (storage_params const& p
      , std::shared_ptr<void> const& torrent) = 0;
   virtual void remove_torrent (storage_index_t) = 0;
   virtual void async_read (storage_index_t storage, peer_request const& r
      , std::function<void(disk_buffer_holder, storage_error const&)> handler
      , disk_job_flags_t flags = {}) = 0;
   virtual bool async_write (storage_index_t storage, peer_request const& r
      , char const* buf, std::shared_ptr<disk_observer> o
      , std::function<void(storage_error const&)> handler
      , disk_job_flags_t flags = {}) = 0;
   virtual void async_hash (storage_index_t storage, piece_index_t piece, span<sha256_hash> v2
      , disk_job_flags_t flags
      , std::function<void(piece_index_t, sha1_hash const&, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_hash2 (storage_index_t storage, piece_index_t piece, int offset, disk_job_flags_t flags
      , std::function<void(piece_index_t, sha256_hash const&, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_move_storage (storage_index_t storage, std::string p, move_flags_t flags
      , std::function<void(status_t, std::string const&, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_release_files (storage_index_t storage
      , std::function<void()> handler = std::function<void()>()) = 0;
   virtual void async_check_files (storage_index_t storage
      , add_torrent_params const* resume_data
      , aux::vector<std::string, file_index_t> links
      , std::function<void(status_t, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_stop_torrent (storage_index_t storage
      , std::function<void()> handler = std::function<void()>()) = 0;
   virtual void async_rename_file (storage_index_t storage
      , file_index_t index, std::string name
      , std::function<void(std::string const&, file_index_t, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_delete_files (storage_index_t storage, remove_flags_t options
      , std::function<void(storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_set_file_priority (storage_index_t storage
      , aux::vector<download_priority_t, file_index_t> prio
      , std::function<void(storage_error const&
      , aux::vector<download_priority_t, file_index_t>)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void async_clear_piece (storage_index_t storage, piece_index_t index
      , std::function<void(piece_index_t)> handler) = 0;
   virtual void update_stats_counters (counters& c) const = 0;
   virtual std::vector<open_file_state> get_status (storage_index_t) const = 0;
   virtual void abort (bool wait) = 0;
   virtual void submit_jobs () = 0;
   virtual void settings_updated () = 0;

   static constexpr disk_job_flags_t force_copy  = 0_bit;
   static constexpr disk_job_flags_t sequential_access  = 3_bit;
   static constexpr disk_job_flags_t volatile_read  = 4_bit;
   static constexpr disk_job_flags_t v1_hash  = 5_bit;
};
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new_torrent()

virtual storage_holder new_torrent (storage_params const& p
      , std::shared_ptr<void> const& torrent) = 0;

this is called when a new torrent is added. The shared_ptr can be used to hold the internal torrent object alive as long as there are outstanding disk operations on the storage. The returned storage_holder is an owning reference to the underlying storage that was just created. It is fundamentally a storage_index_t

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remove_torrent()

virtual void remove_torrent (storage_index_t) = 0;

remove the storage with the specified index. This is not expected to delete any files from disk, just to clean up any resources associated with the specified storage.

[report issue]

async_write() async_read()

virtual void async_read (storage_index_t storage, peer_request const& r
      , std::function<void(disk_buffer_holder, storage_error const&)> handler
      , disk_job_flags_t flags = {}) = 0;
virtual bool async_write (storage_index_t storage, peer_request const& r
      , char const* buf, std::shared_ptr<disk_observer> o
      , std::function<void(storage_error const&)> handler
      , disk_job_flags_t flags = {}) = 0;

perform a read or write operation from/to the specified storage index and the specified request. When the operation completes, call handler possibly with a disk_buffer_holder, holding the buffer with the result. Flags may be set to affect the read operation. See disk_job_flags_t. The disk_observer is a callback to indicate that the store buffer/disk write queue is below the watermark to let peers start writing buffers to disk again.

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async_hash()

virtual void async_hash (storage_index_t storage, piece_index_t piece, span<sha256_hash> v2
      , disk_job_flags_t flags
      , std::function<void(piece_index_t, sha1_hash const&, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;

Compute hash(es) for the specified piece. Unless the v1_hash flag is set (in flags), the SHA-1 hash of the whole piece does not need to be computed.

The v2 span is optional and can be empty, which means v2 hashes should not be computed. If v2 is non-empty it must be at least large enough to hold all v2 blocks in the piece, and this function will fill in the span with the SHA-256 block hashes of the piece.

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async_hash2()

virtual void async_hash2 (storage_index_t storage, piece_index_t piece, int offset, disk_job_flags_t flags
      , std::function<void(piece_index_t, sha256_hash const&, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;

computes the v2 hash (SHA-256) of a single block. The block at offset in piece piece.

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async_move_storage()

virtual void async_move_storage (storage_index_t storage, std::string p, move_flags_t flags
      , std::function<void(status_t, std::string const&, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;

called to request the files for the specified storage/torrent be moved to a new location. It is the disk I/O object's responsibility to synchronize this with any currently outstanding disk operations to the storage. Whether files are replaced at the destination path or not is controlled by flags (see move_flags_t).

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async_release_files()

virtual void async_release_files (storage_index_t storage
      , std::function<void()> handler = std::function<void()>()) = 0;

This is called on disk I/O objects to request they close all open files for the specified storage/torrent. If file handles are not pooled/cached, it can be a no-op. For truly asynchronous disk I/O, this should provide at least one point in time when all files are closed. It is possible that later asynchronous operations will re-open some of the files, by the time this completion handler is called, that's fine.

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async_check_files()

virtual void async_check_files (storage_index_t storage
      , add_torrent_params const* resume_data
      , aux::vector<std::string, file_index_t> links
      , std::function<void(status_t, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;

this is called when torrents are added to validate their resume data against the files on disk. This function is expected to do a few things:

if links is non-empty, it contains a string for each file in the torrent. The string being a path to an existing identical file. The default behavior is to create hard links of those files into the storage of the new torrent (specified by storage). An empty string indicates that there is no known identical file. This is part of the "mutable torrent" feature, where files can be reused from other torrents.

The resume_data points the resume data passed in by the client.

If the resume_data->flags field has the seed_mode flag set, all files/pieces are expected to be on disk already. This should be verified. Not just the existence of the file, but also that it has the correct size.

Any file with a piece set in the resume_data->have_pieces bitmask should exist on disk, this should be verified. Pad files and files with zero priority may be skipped.

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async_stop_torrent()

virtual void async_stop_torrent (storage_index_t storage
      , std::function<void()> handler = std::function<void()>()) = 0;

This is called when a torrent is stopped. It gives the disk I/O object an opportunity to flush any data to disk that's currently kept cached. This function should at least do the same thing as async_release_files().

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async_rename_file()

virtual void async_rename_file (storage_index_t storage
      , file_index_t index, std::string name
      , std::function<void(std::string const&, file_index_t, storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;

This function is called when the name of a file in the specified storage has been requested to be renamed. The disk I/O object is responsible for renaming the file without racing with other potentially outstanding operations against the file (such as read, write, move, etc.).

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async_delete_files()

virtual void async_delete_files (storage_index_t storage, remove_flags_t options
      , std::function<void(storage_error const&)> handler) = 0;

This function is called when some file(s) on disk have been requested to be removed by the client. storage indicates which torrent is referred to. See session_handle for remove_flags_t flags indicating which files are to be removed. e.g. session_handle::delete_files - delete all files session_handle::delete_partfile - only delete part file.

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async_set_file_priority()

virtual void async_set_file_priority (storage_index_t storage
      , aux::vector<download_priority_t, file_index_t> prio
      , std::function<void(storage_error const&
      , aux::vector<download_priority_t, file_index_t>)> handler) = 0;

This is called to set the priority of some or all files. Changing the priority from or to 0 may involve moving data to and from the partfile. The disk I/O object is responsible for correctly synchronizing this work to not race with any potentially outstanding asynchronous operations affecting these files.

prio is a vector of the file priority for all files. If it's shorter than the total number of files in the torrent, they are assumed to be set to the default priority.

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async_clear_piece()

virtual void async_clear_piece (storage_index_t storage, piece_index_t index
      , std::function<void(piece_index_t)> handler) = 0;

This is called when a piece fails the hash check, to ensure there are no outstanding disk operations to the piece before blocks are re-requested from peers to overwrite the existing blocks. The disk I/O object does not need to perform any action other than synchronize with all outstanding disk operations to the specified piece before posting the result back.

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update_stats_counters()

virtual void update_stats_counters (counters& c) const = 0;

update_stats_counters() is called to give the disk storage an opportunity to update gauges in the c stats counters, that aren't updated continuously as operations are performed. This is called before a snapshot of the counters are passed to the client.

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get_status()

virtual std::vector<open_file_state> get_status (storage_index_t) const = 0;

Return a list of all the files that are currently open for the specified storage/torrent. This is is just used for the client to query the currently open files, and which modes those files are open in.

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abort()

virtual void abort (bool wait) = 0;

this is called when the session is starting to shut down. The disk I/O object is expected to flush any outstanding write jobs, cancel hash jobs and initiate tearing down of any internal threads. If wait is true, this should be asynchronous. i.e. this call should not return until all threads have stopped and all jobs have either been aborted or completed and the disk I/O object is ready to be destructed.

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submit_jobs()

virtual void submit_jobs () = 0;

This will be called after a batch of disk jobs has been issues (via the async_* ). It gives the disk I/O object an opportunity to notify any potential condition variables to wake up the disk thread(s). The async_* calls can of course also notify condition variables, but doing it in this call allows for batching jobs, by issuing the notification once for a collection of jobs.

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settings_updated()

virtual void settings_updated () = 0;

This is called to notify the disk I/O object that the settings have been updated. In the disk io constructor, a settings_interface reference is passed in. Whenever these settings are updated, this function is called to allow the disk I/O object to react to any changed settings relevant to its operations.

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force_copy
force making a copy of the cached block, rather than getting a reference to a block already in the cache. This is used the block is expected to be overwritten very soon, by async_write()`, and we need access to the previous content.
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sequential_access
hint that there may be more disk operations with sequential access to the file
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volatile_read
don't keep the read block in cache. This is a hint that this block is unlikely to be read again anytime soon, and caching it would be wasteful.
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v1_hash
compute a v1 piece hash. This is only used by the async_hash() call. If this flag is not set in the async_hash() call, the SHA-1 piece hash does not need to be computed.
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storage_holder

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_interface.hpp"

a unique, owning, reference to the storage of a torrent in a disk io subsystem (class that implements disk_interface). This is held by the internal libtorrent torrent object to tie the storage object allocated for a torrent to the lifetime of the internal torrent object. When a torrent is removed from the session, this holder is destructed and will inform the disk object.

struct storage_holder
{
   storage_holder (storage_index_t idx, disk_interface& disk_io);
   ~storage_holder ();
   storage_holder () = default;
   explicit operator bool () const;
   operator storage_index_t () const;
   void reset ();
   storage_holder (storage_holder const&) = delete;
   storage_holder& operator= (storage_holder const&) = delete;
   storage_holder (storage_holder&& rhs) noexcept;
   storage_holder& operator= (storage_holder&& rhs) noexcept;
};
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buffer_allocator_interface

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_buffer_holder.hpp"

the interface for freeing disk buffers, used by the disk_buffer_holder. when implementing disk_interface, this must also be implemented in order to return disk buffers back to libtorrent

struct buffer_allocator_interface
{
   virtual void free_disk_buffer (char* b) = 0;
};
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disk_buffer_holder

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_buffer_holder.hpp"

The disk buffer holder acts like a unique_ptr that frees a disk buffer when it's destructed

If this buffer holder is moved-from, default constructed or reset, data() will return nullptr.

struct disk_buffer_holder
{
   disk_buffer_holder& operator= (disk_buffer_holder&&) & noexcept;
   disk_buffer_holder (disk_buffer_holder&&) noexcept;
   disk_buffer_holder& operator= (disk_buffer_holder const&) = delete;
   disk_buffer_holder (disk_buffer_holder const&) = delete;
   disk_buffer_holder (buffer_allocator_interface& alloc
      , char* buf, int sz) noexcept;
   disk_buffer_holder () noexcept = default;
   ~disk_buffer_holder ();
   char* data () const noexcept;
   void reset ();
   void swap (disk_buffer_holder& h) noexcept;
   bool is_mutable () const noexcept;
   explicit operator bool () const noexcept;
   std::ptrdiff_t size () const;
};
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disk_buffer_holder()

disk_buffer_holder (buffer_allocator_interface& alloc
      , char* buf, int sz) noexcept;

construct a buffer holder that will free the held buffer using a disk buffer pool directly (there's only one disk_buffer_pool per session)

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disk_buffer_holder()

disk_buffer_holder () noexcept = default;

default construct a holder that does not own any buffer

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~disk_buffer_holder()

~disk_buffer_holder ();

frees disk buffer held by this object

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data()

char* data () const noexcept;

return a pointer to the held buffer, if any. Otherwise returns nullptr.

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reset()

void reset ();

free the held disk buffer, if any, and clear the holder. This sets the holder object to a default-constructed state

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swap()

void swap (disk_buffer_holder& h) noexcept;

swap pointers of two disk buffer holders.

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is_mutable()

bool is_mutable () const noexcept;

if this returns true, the buffer may not be modified in place

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bool()

explicit operator bool () const noexcept;

implicitly convertible to true if the object is currently holding a buffer

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disk_observer

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_observer.hpp"

struct disk_observer
{
   virtual void on_disk () = 0;
};
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on_disk()

virtual void on_disk () = 0;

called when the disk cache size has dropped below the low watermark again and we can resume downloading from peers

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file_open_mode_t

Declared in "libtorrent/disk_interface.hpp"

read_only
open the file for reading only
write_only
open the file for writing only
read_write
open the file for reading and writing
rw_mask
the mask for the bits determining read or write mode
sparse
open the file in sparse mode (if supported by the filesystem).
no_atime
don't update the access timestamps on the file (if supported by the operating system and filesystem). this generally improves disk performance.
random_access
open the file for random access. This disables read-ahead logic